As soon as the presidential election was over, the negotiations between the parties began for the legislative elections, the vote of which is scheduled for June 12 and 19 for the first and then the second round. This election obviously represents a major political issue. Each political formation hopes to weigh as much as possible by electing a maximum number of deputies. But there is also a very important financial dimension. The results will decide how much the parties will receive in the next five years from the state. And even here, the stake is immense, and it sheds new light on the negotiations between the parties around the constituencies. Either for those who are considered “winnable” or, on the left, those where an honorable score is obtainable.
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Since the laws on the financing of political life of 1988 and 1990, the financing of political parties is public, and private financing is regulated. Thus, since 2017, the date of the last election that determined the composition of the National Assembly current, more than 65 million euros have been donated every year to 16 parties, from La République en Marche to the Animalista Party. This public funding is therefore governed by law and, proof of its importance, has become the main source of income for political parties, far ahead of donations, contributions from voters or membership fees. Concretely the aid is divided into two parts. One is based on election results, the other on the number of electors.
The results of the election
For the first fraction, what counts are the votes cast in the legislative elections. The vote that slips into the envelope will give a little more than 1.60 euros per year for five years for the party of your candidate, even if he is not elected. To receive this aid, it is enough that their formation makes their accounts public and that their candidates have collected at least 1% of the votes cast in at least 50 constituencies. The distribution is made in proportion to the number of votes obtained in the first round.
And upon arrival, the sums are far from being anecdotal. In the legislative elections of 2017, the LREM, which was then a very young party, therefore obtained just over six million votes, which provided them with around 10 million euros each year. At the bottom of the ranking, with 63,679 votes taken into account, the Animalista Party received 67,186 euros in aid in 2022. It could have received more if it had respected parity and presented as many men as women.
A part of the allocation can be withdrawn in the event of non-compliance with the parity. Six parties suffered this penalty after the 2017 legislative elections, including the Animal Party (-37,325 euros). The Republicans see their aid reduced by almost 1.8 million euros a year for not having presented enough women, and La France insoumise by 252,443 euros.
In total, 32,081,868.13 euros were paid under this fraction in 2022.
The number of electors
The number of parliamentarians (deputies, senators) will determine the second fraction of public aid. In 2022, each parliamentarian (deputy as senator) brought in just over 37,000 euros for their party. And here again, the sums can be significant. The Republic in Motion (LREM), which has the majority in the Assembly with 267 deputies (263 members and 4 relatives), receives 10.9 million euros. The Republicans who retain a large contingent of senators receive just over 9 million euros.
This calculation of the number of electors is, on the other hand, unfavorable to the National Rally. Third in the number of votes, the party only managed to elect eight deputies, which triggers the aid of 299,000 euros per year from a total of 5.2 million. On the contrary, the Union of Independent Democrats (UDI), for which only 635,204 votes were taken into account for the first fraction, can count on a strong contingent of electors (22 deputies, 56 senators) to reach a total of almost 4 million in public aid.
In total, 34,037,738.28 euros were paid under this fraction in 2022. This aid can vary from one year to another, if an elector changes group, for example: to be counted in the name of a party or a political group, an elected must be declared. that he is registered or attached to it “during the month of November”. And it is the list communicated before December 31 by the office of the National Assembly and the office of the Senate and published in the Official Journal which refers to.