“The 2018 reform risks financial asphyxiation” (Yvan Ricordeau)

Proposals will be made at the beginning of the 2022 school year by employers’ organizations and unions to adapt the “professional future” law of September 5, 2018, assured the national secretary of the CFDT in charge of professional training, Yvan Ricordeau, during the discussion of continuous training at the university, on Friday June 24 in Créteil. Among these recommendations, the strengthening of the link between the account of personal training and companies.

The quantitative assessment of the 2018 reform is undeniable: it is a total success in learning as the CPF. But it is a dangerous success, threatening financial asphyxiation “, declared Yvan Ricordeau, national secretary of the CFDT, in charge of training, during the round table dedicated to the adaptation of the law “professional future” to the new challenges, at the 47th colloquium of Continuing Education at the University , from June 22 to 24. , 2022, at the Paris-Est Créteil University on the topic: professional training: the university in the next world.

Qualitative assessment to be done

Highly monetized and poorly regulated systems have failed in Hong Kong as in the UK, continued Yvan Ricordeau. The CPF and the apprenticeship are the two heavy weights of the reform that operate in open bar, but the open bar risks sinking”. On the other hand, “beyond the growth of the financial curves of the CPF and the ‘apprenticeship, what does this give qualitatively? Does this reflect an increase in the assurance of career paths? It has to do “.

Two clicks

The reform created two interesting political and pedagogical triggers: the fact that everyone understands that they have the right to training, and learning in higher education that changes the general image of work-study. But these two clicks pose super complicated financial problems. That is why we must be measured when we make a budget for 2018, continues Yvan Ricordeau. The 2018 law is largely in line with the interprofessional text that preceded it, including the right to support employees. But the law twisted the arm of the CPF, and not as the social partners had expected. For us, the CPF is first and foremost a power to act, before being a purchasing power. However, today, everyone is far from making a power to act, because the CPF is not articulated with the professional world. It is the same paradox of hearing that the initial training should be connected to the company, but that the professional training and the CPF should be disconnected! »

Porosity CPF and FPC

In fact, he adds, what is true for apprenticeship is not true for vocational training. Corporate training is not limited to the CPF. But, on the contrary, there should not be an impermeable border between the two. There is porosity, and awareness of this porosity should lead to intelligent business negotiation on co-investment and correspondence. However, 2018 – and in particular the absence of a top-up management system from the beginning in the CPF application – has slowed down all this. “.

System control

On the question of the development of learning in higher education, an important subject for the FCU, Yvan Ricordeau affirms that ” from the point of view of the CFDT, it is good news. But does this testify to a better social scale? Or lighten the bill for those who would have done it anyway? It is the dissection of the reality of the situation that will allow to define a future pilot of the different system “.

Don’t perpetuate financial aid for learning

Public support for taking on apprentices is ” very reassuring in the short term, but the CFDT is not favorable to its sustainability. You don’t have to get out of them suddenly, but you don’t have to make them permanent. Public funding is not a magical universe “. Learning is ” also a benefit for the company, especially with young people in the master 2. That a financial burden is provided by the companies is logical “.

Impact of learning on superior

Furthermore, continues Yvan Ricordeau, “ what interests me in the apprenticeship in higher education is to know how the superior adapts to the apprentices, with what support offer. To also know the impact of learning on the organization of training: modularity and capitalization via the blocks of skills, quality, rhythm… “. learning in higher education it raises the question of the links between universities and companies, and of the innovation and research that can result from this. Otherwise why fund higher education? University research on continuing education for adults should be strengthened with observers of professions and branches, to shed light on changes in work, Afest, VAE, digitalization, etc. “.


The future of learning at every level poses the question of its definition, its budget, its control. Funding is strategic for employees and businesses, and the debate will be strategic and complicated. How to finance the goal of one million apprentices? There is no magic, only choices. The equation is not easy, we need a speech of the truth: if the apprenticeship is an initial training then we need more public money. “.

The conversion challenge

Another challenge (or opportunity) for the superiors, according to Yvan Ricordeau, will be the recovery of many employees in the face of climate and environmental problems. ” In 2035, the end of the thermal engine is announced: what to do with the employees who work today in the automotive world? The superior has its part to play. The problem is that the 2018 reform halves the means available for recovery. We need to reduce what we blindly put in the CPF to put in the redevelopment “.

Strengthen the bond with the company

And Yvan Ricordeau concludes that ” a lot of work by the social partners is underway on all these questions of learning and CPF, with the idea of ​​strengthening the link with the company and the professional world: proposals will be made at the beginning of the academic year 2022. “.

Public learning aids will be maintained until the end of 2022, added Stéphane Rémy, Deputy Director of Training Policies and Control at the General Delegation for Employment and Vocational Training (DGEFP), in parallel with a review of the support levels of burden of contract costs. All these subjects will be matters of social dialogue and responsibility “.

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